Department of Kalam
The discipline of Kalam focuses on deriving the theological principles of the Islamic religion outlined in the Qur’an and defending these principles against other philosophical and theological world-views. Kalam analyzes the Islamic conception of belief (called tawhid in the Qur’an) and other central articles of faith in Islam, including Deity (uluhiyya), Prophethood (nubuwwa), and Afterlife (ma‘ad). The Department has two sub-fields: History of Kalam and Systematic Kalam. In the former, there are courses on the formative period and conditions of the discipline, the main theological paradigms and principles that have emerged throughout its history, and the like. Islamic theological schools (Murji’a, Jabriyya, Mu‘tazila, Ash‘ariyya, Maturidiyya, Shi‘a, etc.) are investigated from a comparative perspective. In the latter sub-field, there are courses on classical theological issues such as deity, prophethood, afterlife, the human being, morality, and reason and revelation, as well as contemporary theological topics such as secularism, atheism, reincarnation, religion and science, religion and politics, democracy, human rights, and the environment. Yusuf Ziya Yörükan, Muhammed b. Tavit Tanci, Hüsnü Lostar, Nafiz Danışman, and Hüseyin Atay are among the prestigious scholarly figures who have taught courses in the Department.
Current Academic Staff